How to copy and import images¶
To add images to an image store, you can either copy them from another server or import them from files (either local files or files on a web server).
Copy an image from a remote¶
To copy an image from one server to another, enter the following command:
lxc image copy [<source_remote>:]<image> <target_remote>:
To copy the image to your local image store, specify
local: as the target remote.
lxc image copy --help for a list of all available flags.
The most relevant ones are:
Assign an alias to the copy of the image.
Copy the aliases that the source image has.
Keep the copy up-to-date with the original image.
When copying from an alias, copy the image that can be used to create virtual machines.
Import an image from files¶
If you have image files that use the required Image format, you can import them into your image store.
There are several ways of obtaining such image files:
Exporting an existing image (see Export an image to a file)
Building your own image using
distrobuilder(see Build an image)
Import from the local file system¶
To import a unified image from one file or directory, enter the following command:
lxc image import <image_file_or_directory_path> [<target_remote>:]
To import a split image, enter the following command:
lxc image import <metadata_tarball_path> <rootfs_tarball_path> [<target_remote>:]
In both cases, you can assign an alias with the
lxc image import --help for all available flags.
Import from a file on a remote web server¶
You can import image files from a remote web server by URL. This method is an alternative to running a LXD server for the sole purpose of distributing an image to users. It only requires a basic web server with support for custom headers (see Custom HTTP headers).
The image files must be provided as unified images (see Unified tarball).
To import an image file from a remote web server, enter the following command:
lxc image import <URL>
You can assign an alias to the local image with the
Custom HTTP headers¶
LXD requires the following custom HTTP headers to be set by the web server:
The SHA256 of the image that is being downloaded.
The URL from which to download the image.
LXD sets the following headers when querying the server:
A comma-separated list of architectures that the client supports.
The version of LXD in use.